Management of the symptoms is the most effective way of treating this disease. Chicken Pox treatment generally includes reduction in the symptoms such as itching. Antiviral drugs are effective in reducing the duration of symptoms. The drugs do not cure chicken pox. Over the counter painkillers are also recommended by the doctors to relieve pain and swelling. If bacterial skin infections arise, antibiotics are recommended. Chicken pox can be managed at home by using several home based treatments. Skin itching can be controlled by:
- Applying calamine lotion
- Wearing light clothes
- Taking lukewarm bath
Pain or fever can be treated by taking Tylenol (Acetaminophen). Care should be taken to have non-aspirin medications only, as aspirin can lead to complications. Doctors recommend drinking plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. Children who cannot drink enough can have sugar free popsicles. Mouth Soreness can also be treated with the popsicles, but salty or spicy foods must be avoided. Itching can become severe with consistent scratching. To prevent scratching, keep fingernails as short as possible.
Antiviral medications are recommended for people with chickenpox who are more likely to develop serious disease including like people with chronic diseases , people receiving steroid therapy , pregnant women etc